Production of high dietary fiber and antioxidant activity bread from coffee parchment skin flour

Authors

  • Windy Rizkaprilisa Departement of Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nasional Karangturi University. Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0005-9409-6799
  • Martina Widhi Hapsari Departement of Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nasional Karangturi University. Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0001-2078-7029
  • Ratih Paramastuti Departement of Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Nasional Karangturi University. Semarang, Central Java, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5346-1722
  • Kresna Mulya Santosa Department of Agro-industrial Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Darussalam Gontor University. Ponorogo, East Java, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2870-9607

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25186/.v18i.2121

Abstract

Parchment has a higher food fiber and antioxidant activity than coffee by-products. The increased food fiber and antioxidant parchment can be used to produce food products with nutritional value. One of the popular foods that be the most frequent choice is bread because it can provide a feeling of fullness compared to other snacks. However, bread can increase blood sugar levels and cause obesity because bread has a low dietary fiber content. Therefore, the high content of dietary fiber and antioxidants from parchment could potentially add to the nutritional value of bread, such as dietary fiber and antioxidants. In this study, we modify bread with high food fiber and antioxidant activity by adding parchment flour. Several analyses were conducted, including sensory properties, dietary fiber, antioxidant activity, and physical and chemical properties. The addition of parchment can increase dietary fiber and antioxidants in bread formulation. Parchment makes the bread dough darker and enhances the reddish color of the bread. Based on sensory evaluation, the panelists most liked the bread formulation with the addition of 2.5% parchment flour (P2). It has 6.01% dietary fiber content and 22.51% antioxidant activity. Adding 2.5% parchment flour can increase the carbohydrate content of the bread. Besides giving a feeling of fullness, this bread can also be a functional food that can reduce obesity and prevent disease. Parchment flour can add to the nutritional value of bread compared to other bread that does not use parchment flour.

Key words: Parchment; bread; dietary fiber; antioxidant activity; functional food.

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Published

2023-10-11

How to Cite

RIZKAPRILISA, W.; HAPSARI, M. W.; PARAMASTUTI, R.; SANTOSA, K. M. Production of high dietary fiber and antioxidant activity bread from coffee parchment skin flour . Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 18, p. e182121, 2023. DOI: 10.25186/.v18i.2121. Disponível em: https://coffeescience.ufla.br/index.php/Coffeescience/article/view/e182121. Acesso em: 12 apr. 2024.