Coverage plants in coffee production systems as weed control


  • Vanessa Maria de Souza Barros Universidade Federal de Viçosa/UFV, Departamento de Agricultura, Viçosa, MG, Brasil.
  • Jean Alex Thimothee Universidade Federal de Viçosa/UFV, Departamento de Agricultura, Viçosa, MG, Brasil
  • Rafael Jorge Almeida Rodrigues Serviço de Apoio às Micro e Pequenas Empresas de Belo Horizonte/SEBRAE, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brasil.
  • Adenilson Henrique Gonçalves Universidade Federal de Lavras/UFLA, Departamento de Agricultura, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
  • Fernanda Carvalho Lopes de Medeiros Universidade Federal de Lavras/UFLA, Departamento de Agricultura, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
  • André Dominghetti Ferreira Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária/Embrapa, Embrapa Café, Lavras, MG, Brasil.
  • Gladyston Rodrigues Carvalho Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuária de Minas Gerais/Epamig Sul, Lavras, MG, Brasil.



The aim of this study was to evaluate the floristic and phytosociological compositions of weeds and the influence of cover crops between rows of organic and conventional coffee plantations.  The assessment of weeds was carried out in two seasons (dry and rainy) in 2019 and 2020. A square made from welded iron bars of 0.50 x 0.50 m (0.25 m2) was launched four times in each block randomly, avoiding overlap, totaling 4.0 m2 of sampled area. A total of 41 weed species were found and described, which were distributed in 38 genera and 19 families with the predominance of Poaceae and Asteraceae. The most abundant species were Cyperus sp. and Urochloa decumbens Staf. that occurred simultaneously in all treatments and showed greater importance (IVI) among weeds. The similarity index is generally low, indicating that the weed community was affected by the presence and absence of cover crops.

Key words: Phytosociology; Coffea arabica; Organic agriculture; Cover crops.


AHMAD, Z. et al. Weed species composition and distribution pattern in the maize crop under the influence of edaphic factors and farming practices: A case study from Mardan, Pakistan. Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences, 23(6):741-748, 2016.

ALBUQUERQUE, J. A. A. et al. Weed incidence after soybean harvest in no-till and conventional tillage crop rotation systems in Roraima’s cerrado. Planta Daninha, 35:e017162796, 2017.

AMORIM, S. D. da. et al. Characterization of weed in rotated area of maize and cowpea in direct planting. Scientia Agropecuaria, 9(1):7-15, 2018.

BRANDÃO, M.; BRANDÃO, H.; LACA-BUENDIA, J. P. A Mata Ciliar do rio Sapucaí, município de Santa Rita do Sapucaí-MG: fitossociologia. Daphne, 8(4):36-48, 1998.

DEMELASH, T. Coffee weed management review in Southwest Ethiopia. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 8(11):84-90, 2018.

DERROUCH, D. et al. Weed community diversity in conservation agriculture: Post-adoption changes. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 312:107351, 2021.

DOZIER, I. A. et al. Tillage and cover cropping effects on soil properties and crop production in illinois. Agronomy Journal, 109(4):1261-1270, 2017.

GHORAI, A. K. Integrated weed management in jute (Corchorus olitorius). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 53(2):149-151, 2008.

GONÇALVES, W. G. et al. Sistema radicular de plantas de cobertura sob compactação do solo. Engenharia Agrícola, 26(1):67-75, 2006.

KASPAR, T. C. et al. Effectiveness of oat and rye cover crops in reducing nitrate losses in drainage water. Agricultural Water Management, 110:25-33, 2012.

LANZA, T. R.; MACHADO, A. F. L.; MARTELLETO, L. A. P. Effect of planting densities of “BRS princess” banana tree in the suppression of weeds. Planta Daninha, 35:e017162958, 2017.

MACIEL, C. D. G. de. et al. Levantamento fitossociológico de plantas daninhas em cafezal orgânico. Bragantia, 69(3):631-636, 2010.

MARTINS, B. H. et al. Soil organic matter quality and weed diversity in coffee plantation area submitted to weed control and cover crops management. Soil and Tillage Research, 153:169-174, 2015.

NGOSONG, C.; OKOLLE, J. N.; TENING, A. S. Mulching: A sustainable option to improve soil health. Soil fertility management for sustainable development, 231249, 2019.

PIRES, L. F. et al. Soil physico-hydrical properties changes induced by weed control methods in coffee plantation. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 246:261-268, 2017.

RAMESH, K.; RAO, A. N.; CHAUHAN, B. S. Role of crop competition in managing weeds in rice, wheat, and maize in India: A review. Crop Protection, 95:14-21, 2017.

SANTOS, T. A.; SILVA, F. F. Plantas daninhas situadas em áreas de reflorestamento no brasil: Uma revisão de literatura. Diversidade e Gestão, 2(1):2-16, 2018.

SHARMA, R. C.; BANIK, P. baby corn-legumes intercropping system: II weed dynamics and community structure. NJAS: Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences, 67(1):11-18, 2013.

SILBERG, T. R. et al. Legume diversification and weed management in African cereal-based systems. Agricultural Systems, 174:83-94, 2019.

SMITH, R. G.; GROSS, K. L. Assembly of weed communities along a crop diversity gradient. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44(5):1046-1056, 2007.

SØRENSEN, T. et al. A method of establishing group of equal amplitude in plant sociobiology based on similarity of species content and its application to analyses of the vegetation on Danish commons. Munksgaard in Komm, 1948. 43p.

STAVER, C. et al. Long-term response of groundcover components to organic and conventional weed control in shaded and open-sun coffee in Nicaragua. Crop Protection, 133:105150, 2020.

TAAK, P. et al. Comparative assessment of mulching and herbicide treatments for weed management in Stevia rebaudiana (Bertoni) cultivation. South African Journal of Botany, 140:303-311, 2021.

WELCH, R. Y. et al. Using cover crops in headlands of organic grain farms: Effects on soil properties, weeds and crop yields. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 216:322-332, 2016.

WUTKE, E. B. et al. Adubação verde no Estado de São Paulo. Campinas-SP: CATI, 2009. 92p. (CATI. Boletim Técnico, 249).




How to Cite

BARROS, V. M. de S. .; THIMOTHEE, J. A. .; RODRIGUES, R. J. A. .; GONÇALVES, A. H. .; MEDEIROS, F. C. L. de .; FERREIRA, A. D. .; CARVALHO, G. R. . Coverage plants in coffee production systems as weed control. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 19, p. e192171, 2024. DOI: 10.25186/.v18i.2171. Disponível em: Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.