Identification of soil physicochemical, land suitability, and its relationship to Coffee arabica yielding based on plant age groups

Authors

  • Posma Marbun Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3180-1009
  • Bintang Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0004-2952-2723
  • Koko Tampubolon Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7969-5049
  • Fransisca Natalia Sihombing Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate in Program Magister of Agribusiness, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2853-603X
  • Desi Ratnasari Simanjuntak Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate in Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0006-2157-5905
  • Irene Irly Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Graduate in Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0009-0008-3227-757X
  • Mariati Sinuraya Universitas Sumatera Utara, Faculty of Agriculture, Program Study of Agrotechnology, Medan, North Sumatra, Indonesia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9242-1296

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25186/.v18i.2123

Abstract

The low yield of Coffee arabica could be caused by several factors such as low soil characteristics and depending on the plant age. This study aimed: (1) to obtain information on soil physicochemical characteristics and productivity of Coffee arabica in different age groups, (2) to evaluate the land suitability for C. arabica plants and obtain the relationship between land characteristics and C. arabica yield. This study was conducted on C. arabica smallholders in Tarutung Subdistrict, North Tapanuli District, North Sumatra, Indonesia from October 2021 to February 2022 and used a descriptive-analytic method. Overlay maps of soil type, altitude, and slope to obtain a Soil Map Unit (SMU) then surveyed for the plant age distribution of 6-10 and 11-15 years. Land characteristics were analyzed by matching method, multiple linear regression, and t-test of yielding characters using IBM SPSS software. The results showed that the soil physicochemical characteristics were classified as low, the soil texture was slightly sticky, and higher productivity was found at 11-15 years old. It was found that the potential and actual land suitability classes were not suitable (N) in SMU-1 at 11-15 years, and other SMUs were classified as marginally suitable (S3). Altitude, silt, and clay fractions significantly affect the productivity of C. arabica plants at 6-10 years. However, an increase in altitude, cation exchange capacity, base saturation, and organic-C could be increased the productivity of C. arabica at 6-10 years.

Key words: Land suitability; overlay; physicochemical; productivity; soil map unit.

References

ANGGRAENI, Y.; SETIAWAN, I.; ISYANTO, A. Y. Factors affecting coffee production in Kertamandala Village, Panjalu District, Ciamis Regency. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Agroinfo Galuh, 7(3):625-633, 2020.

CHAUDHARI, P. R. et al. Soil bulk density as related to soil texture, organic matter content and available total nutrients of coimbatore soil. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(2):1-8, 2013.

CYAMWESHI, R. A. et al. Enhancing nutrient availability and coffee yield on acid soils of the Central Plateau of Southern Rwanda. Global Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(2):44-55, 2014.

DE BAUW, P. et al. Soil fertility gradients and production constraints for coffee and banana on volcanic mountain slopes in the East African Rift: A case study of Mt. Elgon. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 231:166-175, 2016.

DEFRENET, E. et al. Root biomass, turnover and net primary productivity of a coffee agroforestry system in Costa Rica: Effects of soil depth, shade trees, distance to row and coffee age. Annals of Botany, 118(4):833-851, 2016.

DJAENUDIN, D. et al. Technical guidelines for land evaluation for agricultural commodities. Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development. Bogor, Indonesia, 2011. 36p.

DORAN, J. W.; PARKIN, T. B. Defining and assessing soil quality. In: DORAN, J. W. et al. Stewart Defining soil quality for a sustainable environment. United States: Soil Science Society of America, v.35, p.1-21, 1994.

ESTRADA-HERRERA, I. R. et al. Soil quality indicators to evaluate soil fertility. Agrociencia, 51(8):813-831, 2017.

FARAH A. Coffee constituents. In: CHU, Y-F. Coffee: Emerging health benefits and disease prevention. United States: John Wiley & Sons, p. 21-58, 2012.

GIL, P. M. et al. Effect of soil water-to-air ratio on biomass and mineral nutrition of avocado trees. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(3):609-630, 2012.

INDONESIA SOIL RESEARCH INSTITUTE. Chemical analysis of soil, plants, water and fertilizer. Indonesia: Ministry of Agriculture, 2009. 246p.

INTERNATIONAL COFFEE ORGANIZATION. Coffee consumption in East and Southeast Asia: 2000-2018. 2018. Available in: <http://www.ico.org/prices/m1-exports.pdf>. Access in: July 31, 2023.

LANAMANA, W.; FATIMA, I. Effects of different land status on conservation land and income of upland rice farming in Mausambi Village, Maurole Subdistrict, Ende Regency. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 33(2):126-135, 2018.

MARBUN, P. et al. Classification, physicochemical, soil fertility, and relationship to Coffee robusta yield in soil map unit selected. Coffee Science, 15:e151818, 2020a.

MARBUN, P. et al. The classification, characteristics, and assessment of soil profile fertility on Coffea arabica productivity in North Sumatra. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science, 26(3):622-632, 2020b.

MCCAULEY, A.; JONES, C.; OLSON-RUTS, K. Soil pH and organic matter. Nutrient Management Module, 8:1-12, 2017.

MINISTRY OF AGRICULTURE. Good agriculture practices on coffee. Indonesia: Directorate General of Estate Crops, Ministry of Agriculture, 2014. 72p.

MINISTRY OF TRADE. Indonesia coffee speciality. Warta Ekspor, 2018. p.1-20. Available in: <https://djpen.kemendag.go.id/app_frontend/admin/docs/publication/9321548126511.pdf>. Access in: July 31, 2023.

RUBIYO.; MARTONO, B.; DANI. Assembling technology to increase production and quality of smallholder coffee plantations. Indonesia: Indonesian Center for Estate Crops Research and Development, p.30-43, 2013.

SIAHAAN, A. S. et al. The correlation of elevation, soil chemical properties and yield of Coffea arabica L. in shaded conditions. Pakistan Journal of Scientific and Industrial Research Series B: Biological Sciences, 65(3):282-291, 2022.

SIHOMBING, F. N.; SUPRIANA, T.; AYU, S. F. Identifying the factors contributing to the volume of coffee export from North Sumatra to The United States, Malaysia, and Japan. Caraka Tani: Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 36(1):83-96, 2021.

SITUMEANG, D. I. H.; MUTAALI, L. Identification of the influence of coffee commodities on the economic development of the community in Siborongborong District, North Tapanuli Regency. Jurnal Bumi Indonesia, 6(1):1-10, 2017.

SOUSA, J. S. et al. Relationship between coffee leaf analysis and soil chemical analysis. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 42:e0170109, 2018.

STATISTICS INDONESIA. Indonesian coffee statistics 2020. Indonesia: Statistics Indonesia, 2020. 100p.

STATISTICS INDONESIA. Exports of coffee by major countries of destination, 2000-2021. Indonesia, 2021. Available in: <https://www.bps.go.id/statictable/2014/09/08/1014/ekspor-kopi-menurut-negara-tujuan-utama-2000-2021.html>. Access in: July 31, 2023.

STATISTICS OF SUMATERA UTARA. Sumatera Utara Province in figures 2022. Indonesia: Statistics of Sumatera Utara, 2022. 1072p.

STATISTICS OF TAPANULI UTARA. Tapanuli Utara Regency in figures 2022. Indonesia: Statistics of Tapanuli Utara, 2022. 433p.

SYS, C. et al. Land evaluation. part III: crop requirements. Belgium: Agricultural Publications, GADC, 1993. 191p.

Downloads

Published

2023-08-25

How to Cite

MARBUN, P. .; BINTANG; TAMPUBOLON, K.; SIHOMBING, F. N.; SIMANJUNTAK, D. R.; IRLY, I.; SINURAYA, M. Identification of soil physicochemical, land suitability, and its relationship to Coffee arabica yielding based on plant age groups. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 18, p. e182123, 2023. DOI: 10.25186/.v18i.2123. Disponível em: https://coffeescience.ufla.br/index.php/Coffeescience/article/view/2123. Acesso em: 12 apr. 2024.