Impacts of water deficit in ecophysiological and spectral responses of coffee intercropped with woody species

Authors

  • Helbert Rezende de Oliveira Silveira EPAMIG/URESM
  • Meline Oliveira Santos Universidade Federal de Lavras
  • Vânia Aparecida Silva EPAMIG/URESM
  • Regis Pereira Venturin EPAMIG/URESM
  • Margarete Marin Lordelo Volpato EPAMIG/URESM
  • Mayara Fontes Dantas EPAMIG/URESM
  • Gladyston Rodrigues Carvalho EPAMIG/URESM
  • Tesfahun Alemu Setotaw UFLA
  • Filipe Chaves Moreira UFLA
  • João Paulo Rodrigues Alves Delfino Barbosa UFLA
  • Mário Lúcio Vilela de Resende UFLA

Keywords:

Coffea arabica, Khaya ivorensi, Tectona grandis, Acrocarpus fraxinifolius

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of water stress in spectral and ecophysiological responses of coffee trees intercropped with woody species under water deficit. The “Catuaí Vermelho 99” was planted in monoculture and associated with the tree mahogany, teak and acrocarpo distributed in two spacings (9 x 13.6 and 18 x 13.6 m) line of coffee. Evaluations of growth of tree and coffee were performed 25 months after planting. The spectral and ecophysiological evaluations in coffee were held in four moments (June, August, September and December 2014). The acrocarpo presented greater height, crown and stem diameter. There were no differences between the growth of intercropping and monoculture coffee. The differences in water potential, spectral indices and ecophysiological were more evident in the early stages (August) and drought recovery (December). In August, the coffee monoculture showed higher Ψpd than intercropped coffee and was dicriminated by having positive scores and higher values of spectral indices NDVI, WBI, ARI1, CRI1, SIPI and FRI. On the other hand, in December, the largest Ψpd values were found in monoculture, intercropping with teak in both spacing and acrocarpo in greater spacing. However, this time, the highlight was the intercropping coffee with teak in wider spacing, which showed positive scores and higher values of US, potential photochemical efficiency of PSII and indexes (ARI1, CRI1 and FRI). The intercropping with teak in greater spacing has a positive impact on the spectral and ecophysiological coffee’s responses after the drought.

Author Biographies

Helbert Rezende de Oliveira Silveira, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/3218078987942024

Meline Oliveira Santos, Universidade Federal de Lavras

http://lattes.cnpq.br/3218078987942024

Vânia Aparecida Silva, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/0586330618134923

Regis Pereira Venturin, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/4415899727209157

Margarete Marin Lordelo Volpato, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/9088910054495930

Mayara Fontes Dantas, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/2482305394050940

Gladyston Rodrigues Carvalho, EPAMIG/URESM

http://lattes.cnpq.br/1658112098865602

Tesfahun Alemu Setotaw, UFLA

http://lattes.cnpq.br/5397970352610395

Filipe Chaves Moreira, UFLA

http://lattes.cnpq.br/9290148657201891

João Paulo Rodrigues Alves Delfino Barbosa, UFLA

http://lattes.cnpq.br/3726934049618860

Mário Lúcio Vilela de Resende, UFLA

http://lattes.cnpq.br/8921922898103482

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Published

2016-07-15

How to Cite

SILVEIRA, H. R. de O.; SANTOS, M. O.; SILVA, V. A.; VENTURIN, R. P.; VOLPATO, M. M. L.; DANTAS, M. F.; CARVALHO, G. R.; SETOTAW, T. A.; MOREIRA, F. C.; BARBOSA, J. P. R. A. D.; RESENDE, M. L. V. de. Impacts of water deficit in ecophysiological and spectral responses of coffee intercropped with woody species. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, [S. l.], v. 11, n. 3, p. 318–328, 2016. Disponível em: https://coffeescience.ufla.br/index.php/Coffeescience/article/view/1085. Acesso em: 13 jul. 2024.

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