Sensorial Characteristics of Coffee (Coffea arabica L. ) varieties in the Alto Paranaíba region

Sára Maria Chalfoun, Marcelo Cláudio Pereira, Gladyston Rodrigues Carvalho, Antonio Alves Pereira, Taciana Villela Savian, Deila Magna Santos Botelho

Abstract


The objective of this study was to verify the sensorial characteristics of grains of 21 Coffea arabica L. cultivars obtained from EPAMIG Experimental Farm in Patrocínio, Minas Gerais, in the Alto Paranaíba Region. The coffee cherries were husked and dried in wooden trays, until 11 to 12% humidity and sent to three Brazilian Specialty Coffee Association BSCA accredited professional coffee tasters. The data were statistically evaluated by multivariate analysis to compare the cultivars and group them. The following cultivars, listed in decreasing order according to the first principal component with scores above 80 points, thus considered to produce superior beverage based on the attributes with the highest scores (flavor,sweetness, balance, acidity, clean beverage and aspect), for the two methods, during the two – year study was cultivar H419-6-2-5-2. The ascendancy of the cultivars and progenies tested, whether derived or not from the Timor Hybrid, did not affect their qualitative performance.

Keywords


Quality; husked coffee cherry; processing; specialty coffee

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25186/cs.v8i1.330

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