Classification, physicochemical, soil fertility, and relationship to Coffee robusta yield in soil map unit selected




The research was aimed (1) to classify, characterize the physicochemical properties, determine the fertility of the soil, and (2) to obtain the relationship of soil fertility on the character yield for Coffee robusta in the 10 units of the soil map (SMUs) selected in Silima Pungga-Pungga Sub-district, Dairi District. This research was conducted in Silima Pungga-Pungga sub-District, Dairi District, North Sumatra Province, Indonesia with coordinates 2080’-2088’NL and 98004’-98017'EL from July 2014 until June 2017. This research was conducted by overlay the maps, classifying soil profiles, characterizing soil, soil fertility assessing, and regression analysis of soil fertility with the yield for Coffee robusta using IBM SPSS Statistics v.20 software. The result showed the ten from 18 SMUs selected for Coffee robusta in Silima Pungga-Pungga sub-District, Dairi District, and has the highest land area sequentially, such as SMU 11, 14, and 1. Based on the ten SMUs selected, found in two representative soil profiles, include the profile 1 (SMU 1, 2, 8, 9, 11, 13, 14, 16, 18) covering an area of ​​1,703.30 ha with the inceptisol and profile 10 (SMU 10) covering an area of 176.81 ha with the entisol. Inceptisol order has greater the soil physicochemical properties compared to entisol from ten SMUs selected for Coffee robusta. The effect of cation exchange capacity, base saturation, P-total, K-total, and C-organic have significantly increased the productivity Coffee robusta by 89.30%, however the effect was not significant to the 100 grains of dry weight.

Key words: Entisol; Coffee robusta; Inceptisol; Overlay; Soil fertility.


ALVES, J.M. et al. Effect of base saturation and nitrogen dose on cultivation of crambe. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10(1):14-22, 2015.

ARVI, D.;SYAKUR, S.; KARIM, A. The elevation relation and slope toward Gayo 1 arabica coffee (Coffea arabica) production in Gayo Lues. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Pertanian,4(4):596-602, 2019.

AVELINO, J. et al. Identifying terroir coffees in Honduras. Plantations, Recherche, Développement, 6-16p, 2002.

BADA, B.S.; RAJI, K.A. Phytoremediation potential of kenaf (Hibiscus cannabinus L.) grown in different soil textures and cadmium concentrations. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 4(5):250-255, 2010.

BRADL, H.B. Adsorption of heavy metal ions on soils and soils constituents. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 277(1):1-18, 2004.

CHAUDHARI, al. Soil bulk density as related to soil texture, organic matter content and available total nutrients of Coimbatore soil. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 3(2):1-8, 2013.

CHAVES, J.C.D.;PAVAN, M.A.;MIYAZAWA, M. Chemical speciation of soil solution to assess calcium and aluminum uptake by coffee roots. Pesquisa Agropecuaria Brasileira, 26(3):447-453, 1991.

CLEMENTE, al. Effect of N and K doses in nutritive solution on growth, production and coffee bean size. Revista Ceres, 60(2):279-285, 2013.

CYAMWESHI, R.A. et al. Enhancing nutrient availability and coffee yield on acid soils of the central plateau of Southern Rwanda. Global Journal of Agricultural Research, 2(2):44-55, 2014.

DIEROLF, T.S.;FAIRHURST, T.H.;MUTERT, E.W. Soil fertility kit. a toolkit for acid, upland soil fertility management in Southeast Asia. Watten Estate Road, Singapore: PPI. 2001. 149p.

DIRECTORATE GENERAL OF ESTATE CROPS. Tree crop estate statistics of Indonesia 2014-2016, Coffee. Jakarta, Indonesia: Ministry of Agriculture, 2015. 97p.

GIL, P.M. et al. Effect of soil water-to-air ratio on biomass and mineral nutrition of avocado trees. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 12(3):609-630, 2012.

HADI, R.M.P.; SUTIKTO, T.;BOWO, C. Soil productivity index based on soil taxonomy and its correlation with coffee productivity in several soil orders. Jurnal Tanah dan Lingkungan, 21(1):7-12, 2019.

INDONESIAN AGENCY FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCHAND DEVELOPMENT. Coffee cultivation technology, application in smallholder plantations. Jakarta, Indonesia: IAARS Press, 2015. 124p.

KHALIL, H.P.S.A. et al. The role of soil properties and it’s interaction towards quality plant fiber: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 43:1006-1015, 2015.

KILAMBO, al. Effect of soils properties on the quality of compact arabica hybrids in Tanzania. American Journal of Research Communication, 3(1):15-19, 2015.

KUFA, T. Chemical properties of wild coffee forest soils in Ethiopia and management implications. Agricultural Sciences, 2(4):443-450, 2011.

LOIDE, V. About the effect of the contents and ratios of soil’s available calcium, potassium and magnesium in liming of acid soils. Agronomy Research, 2(1):71-82, 2004.

MALAVOLTA, E. et al. Calcium problems in Latin America. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis, 10(1-2):29-40, 1979.

MARBUN, P. et al. Classification of inceptisol soil on robusta coffee plantation in silima pungga–pungga district. International Journal of Sciences Basic and Applied Research, 30(5):20-27, 2016.

MARBUN, P. et al. Classification of andisol soil on robusta coffee plantation in Silima Pungga-Pungga District. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 122:e012045, 2018.

PARDO, A.; AMATO, M.; CHIARANDÀ, F.Q. Relationships between soil structure, root distribution and water uptake of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.). Plant growth and water distribution. European Journal of Agronomy, 13(1):39-45, 2000.

SALIMA, R.;KARIM, A.;SUGIANTO, S. Evaluation criteria of land suitability to arabica Gayo 2 coffee in the gayo highlands. Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Lahan, 1(2):194-206, 2012.

SCHAETZL, R.J.; KRIST JUNIOR, F.J.;MILLER, B.A. A taxonomically based ordinal estimate of soil productivity for landscape-scale analyses. Soil Science, 177(4):288-299, 2012.

SOIL RESEARCH INSTITUTE.Technical guide 2: Chemical analysis of soil, plants, water and fertilizer.Bogor, Indonesia: Ministry of Agriculture, 2009. 246p.

SOUSA, al. Relationship between coffee leaf analysis and soil chemical analysis. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo, 42:1-13, 2018.

STATISTICS OF INDONESIA. Coffee exports by main destination countries, 2000-2019. Jakarta, Indonesia: Statistics of Indonesia, 2019. Available at: Accessed on: June, 17, 2020.

STATISTICS OF SUMATERA UTARA. Sumatera utara province in figures 2018. Medan, Indonesia: Statistics of Sumatera Utara, 2018. 762p.

SUPRIADI, H.; RANDRIANI, E.; TOWAHA, J. Correlation between altitude, soil chemical properties, and physical quality of arabica coffee beans in highland areas of Garut. Jurnal Tanaman Industri dan Penyegar, 3(1):45-52, 2016.

VETTERLEIN, D. et al. Impact of soil texture on temporal and spatial development of osmotic‐potential gradients between bulk soil and rhizosphere. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 170(3):347-356, 2007.



How to Cite

MARBUN, P. .; NASUTION, Z. .; HANUM, H. .; KARIM, A. . Classification, physicochemical, soil fertility, and relationship to Coffee robusta yield in soil map unit selected. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, v. 15, p. e151818, 21 Dec. 2020.