Propagation of coffee conilon “Vitória” in conventional and alternative substrates




The sustainable production of inputs or products, either agricultural or industrial, has become an international concern in the last years. Thus, one of the biggest challenges today is to combine production with sustainability. An alternative that has been gaining strength is the use of industrial waste in agriculture. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate the development, physiology and quality of seedlings of C. canephora from the thirteen genotypes found in the variety Vitória Incaper 8142, in conventional substrate in comparison to a substrate based on tannery sludge. A 2 x 13 factorial arrangement was used in which the first factor was the two substrates (conventional substrate and substrate with tannery sludge), and the second factor was the 13 Vitória - Incaper 8142 Conilon coffee genotypes, arranged in a randomized block design with four repetitions. No significant interaction was observed between the factors evaluated, genotypes and substrates. Despite the fact that plants grown on substrate based on tannery sludge show lower averages in some characteristics, they were not different in terms of seedling quality index, so the substrate based on tannery sludge has strong potential for use. This substrate also promoted a greater production of defense metabolites in plants. As for the response pattern between the genotypes of the Vitória - Incaper 8142 variety, a high unevenness was observed in the initial development, both for their phenological and physiological characteristics, which is a reflect of the genetic variability existing between the genotypes.

Key words: Seedling production; Coffe canephora; physiology; sustenaibility.


ALIBARDI, L.; COSSU, R. Pre-treatment of tannery sludge for sustainable landfilling. Waste Management, 52(1):202-211, 2016.

BERILLI, S. S. et al. Substrate stabilization using humus with tannery sludge in conilon coffee seedlings. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 21(1):1-10, 2018.

BERILLI, S. S. et al. Níveis de cromo em mudas de café conilon desenvolvidas em substrato com lodo de curtume como adubação alternativa. Coffee Science, 10(3):320-328, 2015.

BERILLI, S. S. et al. Utilização de lodo de curtume como substrato alternativo para produção de mudas de café conilon. Coffee Science, 9(4):472-479, 2014.

CARETTO, S. et al. Carbon fluxes between primary metabolism and phenolic pathway in plant tissues under stress. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 16(11):26378-26394, 2015.

CARVALHO, T. C. et al. Germinação e desenvolvimento inicial de plântulas de soja convencional e sua derivada transgênica RR em condições de estresse salino. Ciência Rural, 42(8):1366-1371, 2012.

COELHO, F. S. et al. Avaliação do estado nutricional do nitrogênio em batateira por meio de polifenóis e clorofila na folha. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 47(4):584-592, 2012.

COMPANHIA NACIONAL DE ABASTECIMENTO – CONAB. Acompanhamento da safra brasileira – Café. Primeiro levantamento, janeiro 2020 – safra 2019/2020: Brasília: CONAB, 2020. Available in: <>. Access in: January 15, 2020.

CONTARATO, C. C. et al. Evaluation of the initial development of conilon coffee genótipos (Coffea canephora). Scientia Agraria, 11(1):65-71, 2010.

COVRE, A. M. et al. Crescimento e desenvolvimento inicial de genótipos de café Conilon. Revista Agro@mbiente, 7(2):193-203, 2013.

EMPRESA BRASILEIRA DE PESQUISA AGROPECUÁRIA – EMBRAPA. Sistema brasileiro de classificação de Solos. 3. ed. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 2013.

EMERENCIANO NETO, J. V. et al. Características estruturais e produtivas em híbridos intraespecíficos e interespecíficos de capim-elefante. Ciência Animal Brasileira, 20:1-11, e-46788, 2019.

FERRÃO, R. G. et al. Café Conilon. 2 ed. Vitória: Incaper, 2017.

GILES, J. A. D. et al. Divergence and genetic parameters between Coffea sp. genotypes based in foliar morphoanatomical traits. Scientia Horticulturae, 245(1):231-236, 2019.

FERREIRA, E. B.; CAVALCANTI, P. P.; NOGUEIRA, D. A. Package ‘’: Pacote Experimental Designs (Portuguese). R package version 1.1.2. 2013.

INSTITUTO CAPIXABA DE PESQUISA ASSISTENCIA TÉCNICA E EXTENSÃO RURAL – INCAPER. Cafeicultura - Tecnologias. 2019. Available in: <>. Access in: March 2, 2019.

INTERNETINAL COFFEE ORGANIZATION – ICO. Relatório sobre o mercado de Café. Available in:>. Access in: March 2, 2019.

KARASAWA, S. et al. Desenvolvimento de mudas de cafeeiro (Coffea arábica L.) irrigados com água salina. Engenharia Rural, 14(1):1-12, 2003.

KHALID, M. et al. Role of flavonoids in plant interactions with the environment and against human pathogens – A review. Journal of Integrative Agriculture, 18(1):211-230, 2019.

LI, P. The Arabidopsis UDP-glycosyltransferases UGT79B2 and UGT79B3, contribute to cold, salt and drought stress tolerance via modulating anthocyanin accumulation. The Plant Journal, 89(1):85-103, 2016.

MANSURI, M. L. et al. Flavonoids in modulation of cell survival signalling pathways. Genes & Nutrition, 9(3):1-9, 2014.

MARSCHNER, H. Mineral nutrition of higher plants. New York: Academic Press, 2011.

MENEGHELLI, C. M. et al. Waste of drying coffee beans as a substrate alternative in coffee conilon seedlings. Coffee Science, 11(3):329-334, 2016.

QUARTEZANI, W. Z. et al. Effect of different proportions of urban organic compost on conilon coffee (‘Coffea canephora’) propagation. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 13(6):821, 2019.

QUARTEZANI, W. Z. et al. Conilon plant growth response to sources of organic matter. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 13(4):181-188, 2018.

R CORE TEAM. R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing. 2016. Available in: <>. Access in: March 2, 2019.

SALAMANCA-JIMENEZ, A.; DOANE, T. A.; HORWATH, W. R. Performance of coffee seedlings as affected by soil moisture and nitrogen application. Advances in Agronomy, 136(1):221-244, 2016.

SALES, R. A. et al. Foliar fertilization using liquid tannery sludge in conilon coffee seedlings production. Journal of Experimental Agriculture International, 22(2):1-8, 2018a.

SALES, R. A. et al. Sazonal and interanual rainfall variability for Colatina, Espirito Santo, Brazil. Scientia Agraria, 19(2):186-196, 2018b.

SALES, R. A. et al. Influência de diferentes fontes de matéria orgânica em componentes fisiológicos de folhas da espécie Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi. (Anacardiaceae). Scientia Agraria, 19(1):132-141, 2018c.

SILVA, J. D. C. et al. Effect of different tannery sludge compost amendment rates on growth, biomass accumulation and yield responses of Capsicum plants. Waste Manage, 30(1):1976-1980, 2010a.

SILVA, L. D. et al. Fotossíntese, relações hídricas e crescimento de cafeeiros jovens em relação à disponibilidade de fósforo. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 45(9):965-972, 2010b.

TAVARES, L. S. et al. Lodo do curtimento e sua influência na produção de mudas de paricá (Schizolobium amazonicum) e nas propriedades químicas do solo. Ciência Florestal, 23(3):357-368, 2013.

TEMOTEO, A. S. et al. Crescimento de cultivares de cafeeiro conilon submetidas ao estresse salino-hídrico. Revista Caatinga, 28(2):46-56, 2015.

VAZIFEHKHORAN, A. H.; SHIN, S. G.; TRIOLO, J. M. Use of tannery wastewater as an alternative substrate and a pre-treatment medium for biogas production. Bioresource Technology, 258(1):64-69, 2018.

WEI, T.; SIMKO, V. Package “corrplot”: Visualization of a correlation matrix. R package version 0.84, 2017.

ZAHEER, M. M. et al. Amelioration of cadmium stress in gladiolus (Gladiolus grandiflora L.) by application of potassium and silicon. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 41(4):461-476, 2018.



How to Cite

DA SILVA BERILLI, S. .; AMARO DE SALLES, R.; AMARO DE SALES, R.; ALVINO FALCÃO ZOOCA, A. .; RODRIGUES RIBEIRO, H. .; CANDIDO GABRIEL BERILLI, A. P. .; SOUZA COSTA, T. .; PACHECO MENDES, T.; ZANCANELLA QUARTEZANI, W. . Propagation of coffee conilon “Vitória” in conventional and alternative substrates. Coffee Science - ISSN 1984-3909, v. 15, p. e151732, 6 Jul. 2020.