Quality of Coffea canephora beverage as a function of genotype, processing method and grain size
Keywords:Coffee drink score, Cup quality, Sensory analysis.
After harvesting, the coffee beans tend to lose quality during fruit processing and grain storage, thus affecting the quality of the obtained beverage. The objective of this research was to evaluate the quality of the beverage obtained from conilon coffee (Coffea canephora) for seminal (S) and clonal (C) genotypes, two processing methods of the coffee cherries (natural and peeled), different sizes of coffee beans determined by sieves and two storing periods of 45 and 90 days. The coffee cherries were dried, natural (N) and peeled (P), on cement floor in greenhouse and classified through the 13, 14, 15, 16 and 17 sieves. After 45 days of storage, it is observed that the overall score (OS) of the beverage prepared from peeled clonal (PC) and natural seminal (NS) coffee beans increased with increasing bean size (sieves 15 and 16). The treatments PS13, PS14, PS15, PS16, PC15 and PC16 were significantly different, however, the overall score (OS) decreased after samples were stored for 90 days. It is concluded that after storing the coffee bean samples for 45 and 90 days, the OS decreased significantly for peeled seminal coffee (PS) sieves 13, 14, 15, and 16 and peeled clonal coffee (PC) sieves 15 and 16.
Key words: Coffee drink score; Cup quality; Sensory analysis.
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