MICROCLIMATIC CHARACTERIZATION OF CONILON COFFEE CULTIVATED IN NORTH-SOUTH ALIGNMENT IN NORTHEN ESPÍRITO SANTO STATE, BRAZIL

Ana Paula Pereira Bis, Fábio Luiz Partelli, Weverton Pereira Rodrigues, Antelmo Ralph Falqueto, Marcelo Curitiba Espindula, Lima Deleon Martins

Abstract


The objective in this work was to study the influence of the North-South plantation alignment with respect to microclimatic, growth, and mineral nutrition conditions in order to quantify the variables and to point out possible consequences for the coffee tree. The experiment was carried out in a 6-year-old conilon coffee (Coffea canephora) crop with a mean height of 1.6 m, cultivated in full sun and spaced 3.5 m x 1.0 m. The data were collected on four dates from December 2016 to September 2017 in North Espírito Santo State, Brazil. The irradiance, air temperature, and vapor pressure deficit variables were quantified by means of external data loggers. The leaf temperature was determined by means of thermal images, and the plant growth and nutrient concentration in the leaves on both sides of the plant (East and West) were evaluated. The West side of the plant showed higher values of irradiance, temperature, and vapor pressure deficit in the afternoon, reaching a difference of 5°C between the two sides. The leaf temperature had similar behavior to air temperature, reaching a difference of approximately 12°C between the two sides in the afternoon. Although significant differences were observed for some nutrients between the sides of the plant, macro and micronutrient leaf contents remained within the range considered adequate for the coffee tree.


Keywords


Coffea canephora; irradiance; Temperature; East; West

Full Text:

PDF

References


ANGELOCCI, L. R.; MARIN, F. R.; PILAU, F. G.; RIGHI, E. Z.; FAVARIN, J. L. Radiation balance of coffee hedgerows. Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental, v. 12, n. 3, p. 274-281, 2008.

ALVARENGA, C. B.; TEIXEIRA, M. M.; ZOLNIER, S.; CECON, P. R.; SIQUEIRA, D. L.; RODRIGUES, D. E.; SASAKI, R. S.; RINALDI, P. C. N. Efeito do déficit de pressão de vapor d’água no ar na Pulverização hidropneumática em alvos artificiais. Bioscience Journal, v. 30, n. 1, p. 182-193, 2014.

ALVARES, C. A.; STAPE, J. L.; SENTELHAS, P. C.; GONÇALVES, J. L. M.; SPAROVEK, G. Köppen's climate classification map for Brazil. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, v. 22, p. 711-728, 2013.

BARROS, R.; MOTA, J.W.S.; DAMATTA, F. M.; MAESTRI, M. Decline of vegetative growth in Coffea arabica L. in relation to leaf temperature: water potential and stomatal conductance. Field Crops Research, v. 54, p. 65–72, 1997.

CONAB. Companhia Nacional de Abastecimento. In Acompanhamento da safra brasileira: Café. Brasília: CONAB, v.4, n.4, 2017. 84p. Retrieved January 30, 2019, from http///D:/Perfil/Downloads/BoletimZCafeZjaneiroZ2019%20(2).pdf> .

CUNHA, A.R.; VOLPE, C.A. Curvas de crescimento do fruto de cafeeiro cv. Obatã IAC 1669-20 em diferentes alinhamentos de plantio. Ciências Agrárias, v. 32, n. 1, p. 49-62, 2011.

CRAPARO, A. C. W.; STEPPE, K.; VAN ASTEN, P. J. A.; LÄDERACH, P.; JASSOGNE, L. T. P.; GRAB, S. W. Application of thermography for monitoring stomatal conductance of Coffea arabica under different shading systems. Science of the Total Environment, v. 609, p. 755-763, 2017.

CRUZ, C.D. Genes - a software package for analysis in experimental statistics and quantitative genetics. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, v. 35, p. 271-276, 2013.

DAMATTA, F. M.; RAMALHO, J. D. C. Impacts of drought and temperature stress on coffee physiology and production: a review. Brazilian Journal of Plant Physiology, v. 18, n. 1, 55-81, 2006.

DAMATTA, F. M.; CAVATTE, P. C.; MARTINS, S. C. V. Coffee physiology: growth, yield and quality. In: Oberthur, T.; Laderach, P.; Jurgen Pohlan, H. A.; Cock, J. H. (Ed.). Specialty Coffee: Managing Quality. Norcross: International Plant Nutrition Institute, 2012. p. 75-91.

DAMATTA, F. M.; AVILA, R. T.; CARDOSO, A. A.; MARTINS, S. C. V.; RAMALHO, J. C. Physiological and agronomic performance of the coffee crop in the context of climate change and global warming: A Review. Journal of Agricutural and Food Chemistry, v. 66, p. 5264−5274, 2018.

DUSENGE, M. E.; DUARTE, A. G.; WAY, D. A. (2018). Plant carbon metabolism and climate change: elevated CO2 and temperature impacts on photosynthesis, photorespiration and respiration. New Phytologist, v. 221, p. 32-49, 2018.

FERREIRA, W. P. M., RIBEIRO, M. F., FERNANDES FILHO, E. I., SOUZA, C. F., CASTRO, C. C. R. (2012). As características térmicas das faces noruega e soalheira como fatores determinantes do clima para a cafeicultura de montanha. Brasília, DF: Embrapa Café, 2012, 34p.

, p. 297-309, 1930.

ICO. International Coffee Organization. Dados históricos. . Retrieved January 30, 2019, from http://www.ico.org/prices/po-production.pdf>.

MARTINS, L. D.; TOMAZ, M. A.; LIDON, F. C.; DAMATTA, F. M.; RAMALHO, J. C. (2014). Combined effects of elevated [CO2] and high temperature on leaf mineral balance in Coffea spp. plants. Climate Change, v. 126, p. 365–379, 2014.

NOBEL, P. S. Physicochemical and Environmental Plant Physiology. 4 ed. Amsterdam: Academic Press, 2009, 582p.

OLIVEIRA, K. M. G.; CARVALHO, L. G., LIMA, L. A.; GOMES, R. C. C. Modelagem para a estimativa da orientação de linhas de plantio de cafeeiros. Engenharia Agrícola, v. 32, n. 2, p. 293-305, 2012.

PARTELLI, F. L.; VIEIRA, H. D.; SILVA, M. G.; RAMALHO, J. C. Seasonal vegetative growth of different age branches of conilon coffee tree. Semina: Ciências Agrárias, v. 31, p. 619‑626, 2010.

PARTELLI, F. L.; MARRÉ, W. B.; FALQUETO, A. R;, VIEIRA, H. D.; CAVATTE, P. C. Seasonal vegetative growth in genotypes of Coffea canephora, as related to climatic factors. Journal of Agricultural Science, v. 5, p. 108‑116, 2013.

PARTELLI, F. L.; ARAÚJO, A. V.; VIEIRA, H. D.; DIAS, J. R. M.; MENEZES, L. F. T.; RAMALHO, J. C. Microclimate and development of ‘Conilon’ coffee

intercropped with rubber trees. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, v. 49, n. 11, p. 872-88, 2014.

PARTELLI, F. L.; GOMES, W. R.; OLIVEIRA, M. G.; DIAS, J. R. M.; ESPINDOLA, M. C. Normas foliares e diagnóstico nutricional do cafeeiro conilon na préflorada e granação, no Espírito Santo. Coffee Science,

v. 11, p. 544-554, 2016.

RAMALHO, J. C.; CAMPOS, P. S.; TEIXEIRA, M.; NUNES, M. A. Nitrogen dependent changes in antioxidant systems and in fatty acid composition of chloroplast membranes from Coffea arabica L. plants submitted to high irradiance. Plant Science, v. 135, n. 2, p. 115-124, 1998.

RAMALHO, J. C.; PAIS, I. P.; LEITÃO, A. E.; GUERRA, M.; REBOREDO, F. H.; MÁGUAS, C. M.; CARVALHO, M. I.; SCOTTI-CAMPOS, P.; RIBEIROBARROS, A. A.; LIDON, F.C.; DAMATTA, F. M. Can elevated air [CO2] Conditions mitigate the predicted warming impact on the quality of coffee bean? Frontiers in Plant Science, v. 9, p. 287, 2018.

RODRIGUES, W. P.; MARTINS, M. Q.; FORTUNATO, A. S.; RODRIGUES, A. P.; SEMEDO, J. N.; SIMÕES-COSTA, M. C.; PAIS, I. P.; LEITÃO, A. E.; COLWELL, F.; GOULAO, L.; MÁGUAS, C.; MAIA, R.; PARTELLI, F. L.; CAMPOSTRINI, E.; SCOTTI-CAMPOS, P.; RIBEIRO-BARROS, A. I.; LIDON, F. C.; DAMATTA, F. M.; RAMALHO, J. C. Long-term elevated air [CO2] strengthens photosynthetic functioning and mitigates the impact of supra-optimal temperatures in tropical Coffea arabica and C. canephora species. Global Change Biology, v. 22, p. 415–431, 2016a.

RODRIGUES, W. P.; MACHADO-FILHO, J. A.; FIGUEIREDO, F. A. M. M. A.; FERRAZ, M. T.; SILVA, J. R.; FERREIRA, L. S.; BEZERRA, L. S.;

ABREU, D. P.; BERNADO, W. P.; CESPOM, L.; FERNANDES, E. S.; GLENN, D. M.; RAMALHO, J. C.; CAMPOSTRINI, E. Whole-canopy gas exchange

in Coffea sp. is affected by supra-optimal temperature and light distribution within the canopy: the insights from an improved multi-chamber system. Scientia Horticulturae, v. 211, p. 194–202, 2016b.

RODRIGUES, W. P.; SILVA, J. R.; FERREIRA, L. S.; MACHADO-FILHO, J. A.; FIGUEIREDO, F. A. M. M. A.; FERRAZ, M. T.; BERNADO, W. P.; BEZERRA, L. S.; ABREU, D. P.; CESPOM, L.; FERNANDES, E. S.; RAMALHO, J. C.; CAMPOSTRINI, E. (2018) Stomatal and photochemical limitations of photosynthesis in coffee (Coffea spp.) plants subjected to elevated temperatures. Crop and Pasture Science, v. 69, p. 317-325, 2018.

SANTINATO, R.; FERNANDES, A. L. T.; FERNANDES, D. R. Irrigação na cultura do café. 1 ed. Campinas: Arbore, 1996, 146p.

SILVA, F.C. Manual de análises químicas de solos, plantas e fertilizantes. 2 ed. Rio de Janeiro: Embrapa Solos, 2009. 627p.

TETENS, V.O. Über einige meteorologische Begriffe. Zeitschrift Geophysic, v. 6, p. 297-309, 1930.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25186/cs.v14i4.1601

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.