INTERACTION OF K AND B IN THE INTENSITY OF COFFEE RUST IN NUTRIENT SOLUTION

Gabriel Brandão Vasco, Edson Ampélio Pozza, Marília Goulart da Silva, Adélia Aziz Alexandre Pozza, Eugênio Chaves

Resumo


This study aimed at assessing the interaction of potassium (K) and boron (B) in the coffee rust intensity in a nutrient solution. The experiment which was performed in a greenhouse was set up in the randomized complete block design (DBC) with four replicates. The experimental unit involved a single vase with two Catuaí Vermelho (IAC 144) cultivars. The treatments included five doses of boron (0.05, 0.50, 1, 2 and 4 mg L-1) and five of potassium (4.0, 5.0, 6.0, 7.0 and 8.0 mmol L-1), totaling to 25 treatments in a factorial variance analysis. All the coffee seedling leaves were inoculated with Hemileia vastatrix. For the next 24 hours, the vases were covered with a black plastic bag, and left in the greenhouse to ensure favorable conditions for the fungal infection. A significant interaction was observed between the potassium (K) and boron (B) nutrients in coffee rust intensity. As the boron dose increased from 0.05 to 2.0 mg L-1, the coffee rust intensity was observed to rise. From the 0.50 mg L-1 dose of B a drastic drop in the dry plant mass was observed, which reached zero index at the highest boron dose due to phytotoxicity.


Palavras-chave


Hemileia vastatrix, plant nutrition, potassium, boron.

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Referências


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25186/cs.v13i2.1428

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