Fertility life table of the planococcus citri (risso) and planococcus minor (maskell) (hemiptera: pseudococcidae) in coffee tree

Marlice Botelho Costa, Brigida Souza, Ernesto Prado, Lenira Viana Costa Santa-Cecília

Abstract


The mealybugs Planococcus citri and Planococcus minor (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) have increased their importance in brazilian coffee and cause similar damage to plants. Our objective was to determine the characteristics related to the development of these species, testing the hypothesis that, despite of considered cryptic, they have different biological characteristics. Mealybugs crawlers were individually isolated inside Petri dishes containing coffee leaf discs on an agar layer. Its development was monitored until adult emergence when females were enclosed with a male. We evaluated fertility parameters and by means of a life table, we estimated the mean generation time (T), the reproduction net rate (Ro), the increasing net rate (Rm), the finite increasing rate (λ) and the time needed to double the number of individuals (TD). Generally, the reproductive and fertility parameters did not differ between both species. These results show that females of both species produce similar number of descendents rejecting the tested hypothesis.

Keywords


Mealybugs; cryptic species; Coffea spp.; biology

References


BISWAS, J.; GHOSH, A. B. Biology of the mealybug, Planococcus minor (Maskell) on various host plants. Environment and Ecology, West Bengal, v. 18, n. 4, p. 929-932, dec. 2000.

CORREA, L. R. B. et al. Aspectos biológicos da cochonilha-branca [Planococcus citri (Risso, 1813)] em citros. Laranja, Cordeirópolis, v. 26, n. 2, p. 265-271, mai./ago. 2005.

CORREA, L. R. B. et al. Estudos biológicos de cochonilhas do gênero Planococcus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) em diferentes hospedeiros. Arquivos Instituto Biológico, São Paulo, v. 78, n. 2, p. 233-240, abr./jun. 2011.

FRANCIS, A. W.; KAIROA, M. T. K.; RODA, A. L. Developmental and reproductive biology of Planococcus minor (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) under constant temperatures. Florida Entomologist, Lutz, v. 95, n. 2, p. 297-303, jun. 2012.

GOLDASTEH, S. et al. Effect of temperature on life history and population growth parameters of Planococcus citri (Homoptera, Pseudococcidae) on coleus [Solenostemon scutellarioides(L.) Codd.]. Archives of Biological Science, Serbia, v. 61, n. 2, p. 329-336, apr.-jun. 2009.

HOGENDORP, B. K.; CLOYD, R. A.; SWIADER, J. M. Effect of nitrogen fertility on reproduction and development of citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri Risso (Homoptera: Pseudococcidae), feeding on two colors of coleus, Solenostemon scutellarioidesL. Codd. Environmental Entomology, Annapolis, v. 35, n. 2, p. 201-211, apr. 2006.

KIM, S. C. ; SONG, J. H ; KIM, D. S. Effect of temperature on the development and fecundity of the Chryptic Mealybug, Pseudococcus cryptus, n the laboratory. Journal of Asia-Pacific Entomology, Seoul, v. 11, n. 3, p. 149-153, sep. 2008.

MARTÍNEZ, M. A.; SURIS, M. Bases bioecológicas para el manejo de chinches harinosas en el cultivo del café en Cuba. Manejo Integrado de Plagas, Turrialba, n. 57, p. 58-64, sep. 2000.

MEYER, J. S. et al. Estimating uncertainty in population growth rates: Jackknife vs. Bootstrap techniques. Ecology, Ithaca, v. 67, n. 6, p. 1156-1166, dec. 1986.

MORANDI FILHO, W. J. et al. Biologia e tabela de vida de fertilidade de Planococcus citri em diferentes estruturas vegetativas de cultivares de videira. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, Brasília, v.43, n. 8, p.941-947, ago. 2008.

POLAT, F.; ULGENTURK, S.; KAYDAN, M. B. Developmental biology of citrus mealybug, Planococcus citri (Risso) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae), on ornamental plants. In: Proceedings of the International Symposium on Scale Insect Studies, 11., 2008, Oeiras. Resumos expandidos… Lisbon: ISA Press, 2008. v. 1, p. 177- 184.

PRASAD, Y. G. et al. Effect of temperature on development, survival and reproduction of the mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis Tinsley (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on cotton. Crop Protection, Kent, v.39, n. 9, p. 81-88, sep. 2012.

ROSS, L. et al. Sex allocation in a species with paternal genome elimination: the roles of crowding and female age in the mealybug Planococcus citri. Evolutionary Ecology Research, Tucson, v. 12, n. 1, p. 89–104, jan. 2010a.

ROSS, L. et al. Genomic conflict in scale insects: the causes and consequences of bizarre genetic systems. Biological Reviews, Oxford, v. 85, n. 4, p. 807-828, nov. 2010b.

ROSS, L. et al. Temporal variation in sex allocation in the mealybug Planococcus citri: adaptation, constraint, or both? Evolutionary Ecology, v. 26, n. 6, p. 1481-1496, nov. 2012.

SANTA-CECÍLIA, L. V. C. et al. Methodology foir biological studies of mealybugs (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Coffee Science, Lavras, v. 3, n. 2, p. 152-155, jul./dez. 2008.

SANTA-CECÍLIA, L. V. C. et al. Desenvolvimento de Planococcus citri (Risso, 1813) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) em cafeeiros. Acta Scientiarum Agronomy, Maringá, v. 31, n. 1, p. 13-15, jan. 2009.

SANTA-CECÍLIA, L. V. C. et al. Sobre o condicionamento alimentar na cochonilha-branca, Planococcus citri (Risso) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, Jaboticabal, v. 35, n. 1, p. 86-92, mar. 2013.

SANTA-CECÍLIA, L. V. C.; SOUZA, B. Cochonilhas-farinhentas de maior ocorrência em cafeeiros no Brasil. Informe Agropecuário, Belo Horizonte, v.35, n. 280, p. 45-54, mai-jun. 2014.

SILVA, R. R. da et al. Planococcus citri (Risso, 1813) on Grapevine: Do Presence of the Male Influences Reproduction? Journal of Entomology, Littleton, v.11, p.330-337, nov. 2014.

SOUSA, A. L. V. et al. Preferência alimentar de Planococcus citri (Risso, 1813) (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) em cafeeiro. In: Congresso Brasileiro de Pesquisas Cafeeiras, 33., 2007, Lavras. Resumos expandidos... Lavras: Anais do 33º Congresso Brasileiro de Pesquisas Cafeeiras, 2007. v. 1, p. 177-184.

SOUSA, A. L. V. et al. Especificidade alimentar: Em busca de um caráter taxonômico para a diferenciação de duas espécies crípticas de cochonilhas do gênero Planococcus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Revista Brasileira de Fruticultura, Jaboticabal, v. 34, n. 3, p. 744-749, set. 2012.

SOUZA, B. et al. Cochonilhas-farinhentas (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) em cafeeiros (Coffea arabica L.) em Minas Gerais. Coffee Science, Lavras, v. 3, n. 2, p. 104-107, jul./dez. 2008.

VENNILA, S. et al. Biology of the mealybug, Phenacoccus solenopsis on cotton in the laboratory. Journal of Insect Science, Ludhiana, v. 10, n. 115, p. 1-9, jul. 2010.

WILLIAMS, D. J.; GRANARA DE WILLINK M. C. Mealybugs of Central and South America. 1. ed. Wallingford: CAB International, 1992. 635 p.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.25186/cs.v11i2.1048

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.